: A great revolutionary
hero and a true Indian patriot, Who brought shiver in
the spine of British colonial rulers. One of the greatest
revolutionary fighters of Andhra Pradesh. He fought
for a cause, for social justice, for freedom, and for
to liberate innocent tribals from bondage and slavery.
Who were looted by colonial rulers, morally materially
and culturally. He made a great revolt on behalf of
Manyam Tribal people
( Manyam is a tribal corridor
extended from Vijayanagaram to Godavari Districts of
Childhood of Sri Sitarama Raju
is filled with many hardships. Sudden demise of his
father led him to bear the yoke of the family on his
shoulders. He lost his permanent settlement. His mother
brought him up with utmost care, with love and affection.
Since his childhood he has a strong will and determine
mind. He loved his mother with great affection and honor.
He did his primary education at Mogallu,
kovvada, and at a Mission
school in Bhimavaram and in Taylor
high school in Narsapur (Mogallu,
Kovvada, Bhimavaram, Narsapur all are villages and small
towns of west Godavari District, A P, South India).
He did his high school studies and college education
at a Mission high school in Visakapatnam
(Visakapatnam or Vizagpatnam is a sea port city of Andhra
Pradesh South India)
of Revolution : India is once a nation of
abundant wealth. The thence Britisher's set their foot
as traders. This nation of shop keepers, with their
treachery and with divide and rule policy, they got
control over entire nation. In the name of East
India Company and further direct control of Britain.
They looted the wealth of the nation and made the people
as dependents and slaves. Ruled even cruelly in some
parts of the nation. Because of this nature of the colonial
rulers, Sitarama Raju rebelled against the colonial
rulers since his childhood. His
father Venkata Rama Raju as a true patriot filled
Rama Raju with patriotism in his blood, Flesh and in
1905 "Lord Curzon" bifurcated Bengal
into East and West Bengal provinces.
People come to streets and agitated against British
for reunification (This movement is called "Vandemataram
Movement") This movement made an impact
on the life of Alluri Sita Rama raju. In 1916
in the month of April Alluri travelled
the nation on foot. He visited "Calcutta"
(The present Kolkota) Via Narsipatnam,
Vijayanagaram. He met several Congress leaders
and great stalwarts like "Surendranath
Benarjee", "Motilal Nehru" ( Father of
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India)
"Chittaranjan Das", Pandit Madhan Mohan Malaveya"
( Founder of Benres Hindu University). He made acquainted
with them. He participated in "Lucknow Congress
conference ". Then he moved to "Baroda",
"Ujjain", "Amritsar", "Badhrinadh",
"Nepal", "Brahmakapala", "Kaasi",
"Gangothri" (Birth place
of holy river Ganges), "Prayaga (In Ancient
period in this city in seventh century A.D Emperor "Harshavardhana"
conducted Buddhist religious conference and
give away all his wealth in charity). Rama Raju visited
all these areas on foot. His Thousand Kilometers long
tour, his direct contact with people made him understand
the miseries, Plights and woes of the people. The revolutions
that took place in Bengal, Punjab and Maharastra made
a deep impact on him. He become completely a changed
man and ultimately turned to be a great revolutionary,
to rebel against the mighty colonial rulers
of revolution: British colonial rulers take
away the rights and privileges of innocent tribals,
Who are leading an ideal and innocent life. A life which
is very close to nature. They made tribals their slaves,
they treat them as mere animals, and ruled them in harsh,
Brutal manner. They are against the forest collection
of Tribals (forest collection is the means and source
of livelihood of the tribals). They obstructed traditional
"podu" (shift culture or zoom agriculture).
They impose various taxes on forest products. They imposed
"Abcari" (tax on toddy
and arrack). Cattle grazing tax, they implemented
civil and criminal laws in place of existed of customary
laws in tribal areas. Regulation of zamindari act (
Zamindar means a land lord, holds of thousands of acres
under his control, the formers have no rights on land,
though he is the tiller of the land). He collects high
revenue and pays fixed taxes directly to the colonial
rule, a large number of immigration of the people
from plain lands, cruel, barbarous and savage rule of
bureaucrat's suppression, slavery, bonded labor, more
over the uncivilized rule of "Bastian". Thence
Tahsilder (Revenue collector and administrator of the
area) all these corrupted things added fuel to the fire
and made compel sitarama raju to revolt against British
: Alluri sita rama raju started his revolution
against the British on Aug 22nd
1922 by attacking the police station at broad
day light. On that day he send a warn message in advance.
He warns as "We attack you, protect your self if
you can" Brave us if you have gall" as he
said, he attacked the police station at "Chintapalli"
(An agency police station at present in East Godavari
District-A P, India) and decamped with a huge
cache of weapons. He decamped with 11
rifles, 1,390 Bullets, 5 Swords, 14 Bonnets and reported
it in detailed in the station dairy, by signing his
signature in English. With redeemed strength
and vigor Rama Raju and
his men attacked Krishna Dev Pet
police station (An agency police station on the bank
of River Godavari ). On 23rd
and on 24th Aug they attacked Rajavommangi
police station (An agency police station in East Godavari
District A.P) decamped with heavy ammunition. It is
a used practise of Rama Raju to deliver the message
prior to attacks in advance through chilly powder
post (A letter of warning along
with capsicum bearing hot pepper powder). This
is a notable point and a thing to remember in the history
of Manyam revolution.
the same tactics and methods he attacked Narsipatnam
police station in visakapatnam district, Addateegala,
Rampachodavaram, Prattipadu in East Godavari Districts.
He backed up nearly 200 villages and attacked the Britishers.
Many patriotic heroes, directly or indirectly helped
in this arms struggle. With 303 rifles, Country made
rifles and with bows & arrows. He rebelled against
the mighty British to make them down and out.
revolt caused panic to the colonial rulers in Manyam
area by all means by hook or by crook the British wanted
to suppress the revolution. Inspector
General, Dy. Inspector General, Agency Commissioner
and other important police personal were immediately
summoned and rest with their Army. Malabar Spl
police team, Assam Rifles, Ballari Rifles, Coromandal
Rifles, East coast Rifles, Koraput Reserve Police, Local
Police altogether 2000 men of force press to service.
They summoned and rushed to bring the situation under
control. In this great revolt
patriotic heroes such as "Aggiraju", (Man
of fire), "Malludora" ( Wrestler hero), "Gantam
dora", "Veerayya" (brave warrior)
fought heroically against the mighty British Army. Though
they deployed thousands of Military
Forces, however the Britishers failed to bring the revolt
under control. Their Army forces failed
before the patriotism and dedication of Sri Alluri Sita
Rama Raju and his men
of Alluri : In spite of suppressive methods
taken by colonial rulers revolution spread like wild
fire. To bring the revolution under control the British
charged Rs 10,000 on the head of Alluri Sita Rama Raju.
No one betrayed Alluri.
The cash prize made no impact on the morality of the
tribals, they further tightened the protection of Alluri
Sita Rama Raju with re vigor strength they revolt against
the imperial forces
British though with their mighty Military strength failed
to suppress the revolt. In desperation they changed
their tactics. They wanted to catch hold Alluri Sita
Rama Raju through treachery. They hatch a cynical plan,
They burnt the entire "Gudems"
(Residential areas of tribals) of tribals. They
beaten the Old and Children, Women molested. They killed
the young mercilessly. With these cruelties almost all
they bring down the hell to the earth
these circumstances Rama Raju shattered. He was in broken
heart. He worried a lot. He wept bitterly. He
moved by the plights and the great sacrifices of the
people. Their patriotic fervor made him moved. He wanted
to end the atrocities of colonial rulers. To save the
lives of innocents, women, children, young and old.
To end the barbarous and heinous crimes of colonial
rulers. He changed his heart. He wanted to give in and
to yield to the British in order to save the innocents.
In 1924 on may 7th early at dawn,
When the Sun is about to rise, He finally surrendered
to the British on the banks of a river let at "Koyyuru
village". Major "Gudal" set aside the
diplomatic courtesy made him tied to a tree and shot
at in a Brutal Manner. Rama Raju laid down his
life heroically and become a martyr. For every bullet
when he was shot at he praised the land by giving slogans
with full throat voice "VANDEMATARAM"
( I bow my head on the lotus feat of my holy mother
land- "O my motherland you fed me with your spilling
milk from your breast, O motherland I owe to you").
He was set like an evening setting Sun. But he had risen
and stay permanently in the hearts of Millions of Indians.
measures and methods played the British to suppress
the revolt are very heinous, barbarous, uncivilized
atrocities on Manyam people is an added leaf in the
history of lamentable catalogue of human crime, never
surpassed even in the dark age. The atrocities committed
by the British are an indelible blot to them that carries
to generations who boasts of democracy and human rights.
We salute Alluri for your great
"Heroic Deeds", your patriotism, your dedication,
long remember you we forever. "Long live Alluri
Sita Rama Raju".